cantonese 9 tones example

0000194919 00000 n 0000192936 00000 n 0000195195 00000 n The initial ts represents /tsʰ/ in Cantonese Pinyin whereas c is used instead in Jyutping. 0000200228 00000 n I know there are some disputes as to whether it's only 6 or a 6+3 combination, as some contest the last three tones are not the same as the first 6, linguistically speaking, but I generally go with 9 tones. startxref 0000196634 00000 n 0000195471 00000 n They can be remembered rather nicely by noting the pronunciation of the numbers in the three columns under the yellow highlighted box of the table below. In my previous post I used 3 sample sentences showing all 6 standard tones (not counting the entering tones 入聲). 0000009665 00000 n Neither TE500 nor TE50 was effective for Cantonese tone identification in quiet or noise. 0000199949 00000 n 0000198000 00000 n 0000009267 00000 n 0000193139 00000 n Guangzhou(Canton) cantonese has 9 tones, HongKong cantonese has 7 tones, not 6. they are marked by number. 0000100667 00000 n %%EOF 0000195944 00000 n Like other Chinese dialects, Cantonese uses tone contours to distinguish words, with the number of possible tones depending on the type of final. For example, in Cantonese the syllable [ji] means “cure” when produced with a 55 (High Level) tone, but when produced with a 21 (Low Falling) tone it means “son”. 0000004179 00000 n 0000197245 00000 n 0000200448 00000 n 0000198638 00000 n Lyrics in colloquial Cantonese (口语) are not rare in Cantonese songs since the early 1970s although formal written Chinese (书面语) is the norm. • Cantonese is older of the two languages being in existence 2000 years ago while Mandarin is just 700-800 years ago. 0000200309 00000 n I discovered the complexity of Chinese tones during my project to learn Cantonese. * when we say 媽媽 (mother) in Cantonese, we sometimes pronounce it maa4 maa1. Its effect was even stronger when the tones were presented in 4 or 8 bands rather than 16 bands. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 0000000016 00000 n 5 (?) As tones 7, 8 and 9 are in fact the same melodious tone as 1, 3, and 6, the numerical tones have been reduced to 6 tones in this guide. 0000198975 00000 n 0000013565 00000 n The Cantonese dialect of Chinese has more tones than either Hakka or Mandarin. ... Cantonese also has 6 tones. 0000196439 00000 n 0000199752 00000 n i.e. 0000020638 00000 n 0000190309 00000 n 0000194643 00000 n 0000194781 00000 n Required fields are marked *. 0000191630 00000 n 0000007762 00000 n They all sound extremely odd to native Cantonese speakers. Among the three temporal cues, TFS was the most effective for Cantonese tone identification in quiet and noise, except for T4 (LF) identification. 0000012863 00000 n tone marks on top of the first vowel in the final . 0000199195 00000 n (Some of these have more than one realization, but such differences are not used to distinguish words.… 0000198498 00000 n 0000197583 00000 n �x{�0״��a?�5^�u�3b�>O��� SCI`�����m���~�M�g{Q�L4�Mj���j�Z�5x1�S�Ԙ5 0000198557 00000 n and a rising tone at the end of a question (You came?To be understood in Cantonese, it is essential that you master the six tones. In tonal languages, different tones of a sound can make a great difference of meaning. 0000194561 00000 n If you've wondered about things like 'what's the best way to learn Cantonese', 'how do I learn Cantonese tones', 'should I learn Cantonese characters', you've landed in the right place. To represent tones, the numbers 1 to 9 are usually used in Cantonese Pinyin, although the use of 1, 3, 6 to replace 7, 8, 9 for the checked tones is acceptable. The most common used Cantonese pronunciation system is jyutping 粵語拼音, for it does not only give you the sound, but also give the tone. 0000196358 00000 n 0000005598 00000 n Tones 聲調. 0000015308 00000 n 0000192177 00000 n 0000195057 00000 n 0000004631 00000 n The sequence the above order is exactly from Tone 1 to Tone 9. 0000011954 00000 n You must rise, maintain or lower the relative pitch of your voice to "sing" each word. 0000009430 00000 n 0000195806 00000 n Your email address will not be published. 0000197385 00000 n 0000196301 00000 n 0000194227 00000 n 0000196025 00000 n Cantonese “Nine” Tones 廣東話九聲調. The prototypical use of the name Cantonese in English is for the Yue variety of Guangzhou (Canton), but it is also used for Yue as a whole. 0000194976 00000 n Try it and you will get the feeling. 0000009686 00000 n There are 6 different tones in Cantonese. 0000199253 00000 n 0000004918 00000 n 0000197443 00000 n 0000191484 00000 n 0000198417 00000 n 0000194700 00000 n 0000008051 00000 n 0000195528 00000 n Tonal inventory of Hong Kong Cantonese Tone number Description Chao’s tone letters Example English Gloss T1 High-level 55 jn 55 ‘because of’ T2 High-rising 35 jn 35 ‘bear with’ T3 Mid-level 33 jn 33 ‘mark’ T4 Low -falling / 21 / 11 j n21 /11 ‘people’ Extra Low-level 0000005424 00000 n 0000200030 00000 n 0000193264 00000 n 0000017932 00000 n 0000194838 00000 n 0000190740 00000 n 0000015552 00000 n 0000196772 00000 n On this site, we use a straightforward and consistent system to write Cantonese in the Latin alphabet. 0000014793 00000 n LR, LL and LF tones. �WR}d��Q�5Ե)/�-���L7�Y�n�����b�y��-T�QxSO�JR=c%����wբ�Z�!�Z˖�{�e��e���0�r��#����FG]C+���@ʀA�!�� But Cantonese and Mandarin aren’t the only Chinese languages with a tonal system. 0000005000 00000 n 0000006251 00000 n 0000194145 00000 n 0000199532 00000 n 0000191235 00000 n 0000194503 00000 n Not surprisingly, tones have a tendency to scare people away from learning Chinese because they’re commonly deemed too difficult to learn. Many hymns in Hong Kong were filled with Cantonese lyrics of the wrong tones. 0000197050 00000 n The same has been found for speakers of Cantonese—which has six or even nine tones… 0000195610 00000 n 0000193332 00000 n 0000198278 00000 n 0000193454 00000 n 9 (?) 0000197664 00000 n 0000198220 00000 n Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Learn Cantonese - Level 3: Beginner: Volume 1: Lessons 1-25. 0000196715 00000 n 0000197803 00000 n 0000108635 00000 n In fact, every Chinese dialect has a tonal system. See Tones for more information. For example, in English we naturally use a falling tone at the end of a statement (You came.) xref 0000197304 00000 n The most common used Cantonese pronunciation system is jyutping 粵語拼音, for it does not only give you the sound, but also give the tone. 0000198359 00000 n 0000193513 00000 n 0000195114 00000 n However, only the numbers 1 to 6 are used in Jyutping. 0000114956 00000 n 0000006011 00000 n Chinese tones. Compose your own sentence – Cantonese Sentence Patterns. 黄霑 and 许冠杰 wrote many lyrics in colloquial Cantonese. 0000192447 00000 n C��/��KW���`�����M�L���}��Fޞ[ 0 Experienced singers may tweak the tone slightly as the last remedy. There are traditionally 9 basic (lexical) tones in Cantonese – 6 distinctive tones and 3 for consonants ending in p, t, or k. In addition, there are contexts in which a word changes its basic tone due to morphological or 40 190 You can practice the numbers (3-9-4-0-5-2-7-8-6). 0 0000194284 00000 n 0000014636 00000 n 0000200507 00000 n 0000195748 00000 n 0000014338 00000 n (graduate student in Chinese history) — 12. Learn Cantonese - Level 3: Beginner: Volume 1: Lessons 1-25 - Ebook written by Innovative Language Learning, CantoneseClass101.com. 0000193004 00000 n If you can’t speak it in right tone, it will become a joke! 0000191800 00000 n 40 0 obj <> endobj 0000192674 00000 n 0000199613 00000 n 0000006786 00000 n 0000191346 00000 n Examples 0000198917 00000 n Introduction Learning any language can be daunting. There is a shortcut to master the “Nine Tones”. 0000117647 00000 n 0000192879 00000 n 0000192811 00000 n 0000010828 00000 n Cantonese theoretically has up to 9 tones (Some research suggests 7), learning the Mandarin tree first would help you get used to tonal languages. 0000191298 00000 n 0000199891 00000 n 0000197861 00000 n 0000200706 00000 n 0000004967 00000 n 0000195887 00000 n 0000197131 00000 n 0000004766 00000 n 0000196163 00000 n Tones Cantonese is a tonal language, which means that a syllable pronounced at different pitches indicates a different word. 0000200588 00000 n 0000196910 00000 n endstream endobj 41 0 obj<. 0000197524 00000 n It approaches the issue of whether Cantonese has six or nine tones … 0000198836 00000 n 0000101599 00000 n 0000194086 00000 n 0000007034 00000 n 0000192085 00000 n 0000109313 00000 n For example, there is a language called Khmu spoken in parts of Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and China. This study examines tone mergers in Hong Kong Cantonese from the perspective of variationist sociolinguistics. This is one clearest way of explaining the 9 tones of Cantonese [some say that there are only 6 tones]. 0000191696 00000 n 0000191964 00000 n 0000193808 00000 n • Cantonese has 9 tones while mandarin has just 4 making it easier to learn than Cantonese. ʯY7���&�{]o>��(�7M� �C�&G�5�� f��*�]}sg�I�":���{�CbT|pA߰��Uo�vrWoI���g`5;Y�GT��! trailer 0000005774 00000 n 0000196577 00000 n Results. But like anything in the field of language learning…where there's a will, there's a way! It's much harder to teach people how to even detect the subtle differences of the 9 tones using AI (bot) There are two forms of Cantonese. 0000012067 00000 n Table 1 illustrates the tone system in Cantonese, with an example in which the whole range of tones is distinguished in the syllable /si/. For example, 媽 (maa1) and 嫲 (maa4) mean mother and grandmother respectively. Your email address will not be published. 0000193604 00000 n 0000200169 00000 n The low level tone mark “h”““hh””“h” is put after the vowel or the diphthong but before the ending consonant (if there is any). 0000195252 00000 n 0000193946 00000 n Each sound of the Cantonese language is always written with the same distinct letter. 0000195333 00000 n 0000192006 00000 n 0000191370 00000 n 0000199392 00000 n 0000193753 00000 n 0000198778 00000 n 0000197188 00000 n 1.2.2 The Cantonese tones with mnemonic words Cantonese has 6 distinctive tones: 0000192595 00000 n 0000199334 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000194365 00000 n 0000192294 00000 n 0000196991 00000 n 0000200647 00000 n With Cantonese, people argue about how many tones there are, saying there are up to 9 and using this as a reason to suggest that Cantonese is really difficult to learn. 0000192215 00000 n 0000191879 00000 n 0000108862 00000 n For example, 媽 (maa1) and 嫲 (maa4) mean mother and grandmother respectively. 0000200367 00000 n 0000191553 00000 n The relative weighting of each of these acoustic features in Cantonese tone perception varies across different tone contrasts [9–11].For example, Lee et al. 0000199114 00000 n 0000194005 00000 n 0000005977 00000 n 0000190951 00000 n 0000196853 00000 n 0000193667 00000 n A checked tone, commonly known by the Chinese calque entering tone (simplified Chinese: 入声; traditional Chinese: 入聲; pinyin: rùshēng; lit. <<6850FCF1A02A1043A2862610FBE12340>]>> In tonal languages, different tones of a sound can make a great difference of meaning. 0000194422 00000 n Cantonese numbers have also tones like all words in Cantonese , but their tone numbers do not correspond to their value: 3 … Tones Cantonese is a tonal language, which means that a syllable pronounced at different pitches indicates a different word. In most cases, native speakers could deduce the correct character by the term or the whole sentence when listening to such songs. 0000195390 00000 n 0000198139 00000 n 0000196496 00000 n There are traditionally 9 basic (lexical) tones in Cantonese – 6 distinctive tones and 3 for consonants ending in p, t, or k. In addition, there are contexts in which a word changes its basic tone due to morphological or Naming. 0000197722 00000 n Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. 0000192541 00000 n 0000016805 00000 n 0000189995 00000 n I think Cantonese has 9 tones? Probably not the easiest thing in the world to learn! And there's no-one better than Chris Parker from Fluent in Mandarin to guide you through. 0000195667 00000 n tones are clearly distinct in Cantonese, and the tones on checked syllables are seen as abbreviated coun-terparts of the three level tones. While Guangzhou Cantonese generally distinguishes between high-falling and high level tones, the two have merged in Hong Kong Cantonese and Macau Cantonese, yielding a system of six different tones in syllables ending in a semi-vowel or nasal consonant. 0000197942 00000 n 0000057573 00000 n 0000198081 00000 n 0000196082 00000 n • The characters in Mandarin have been simplified in 1950 while characters in Cantonese are still traditional. 0000192393 00000 n 0000199056 00000 n The Mandarin lyrics are almost certainly not usable for singing in Cantonese simply because of the tones. 0000200088 00000 n 0000199810 00000 n For example, producing the word ‘father’ in Mandarin involves pairing up the segmental string ba with the falling tone [51]: ba51, and the mis-selection of tone produces a completely different word, e.g., ba55 ‘eight’. 229 0 obj<>stream More so when you're thinking of (or are already) taking on one of the most difficult languages to learn for English speakers - Cantonese. 0000198696 00000 n [dV6'Fۡ�����סQJ��� 0000015669 00000 n 0000005943 00000 n 0000015140 00000 n 0000193207 00000 n 0000007517 00000 n 0000196220 00000 n 0000109117 00000 n 0000079222 00000 n From a historical point of view, there are 9 tone classes in Cantonese. 9-tone system 6-tone system Examples Cantonese Mandarin 7 1 35% (58) 83% (845) 吸 ‘suck’ kap7 xi1 2 16% (26) 5% (49) 級 ‘level’ kap7 ji2 ex 粵語, Cantonese: Jyut6 jyu5 0000191322 00000 n The difference between the two tonal system… 0000188044 00000 n Wikipedia has a tone contour chart for Cantonese with only 6 tones, but the table just below has 9. Chinese is infamous for being a tonal language—meaning the tone, or pitch of the word determines its meaning. 0000199473 00000 n In fact, the table states 7=1, 8=3 and 9=6. 0000193865 00000 n 0000108880 00000 n 0000199671 00000 n 1950 while characters in Cantonese the field of language learning…where there 's will... Chinese has more tones than either Hakka or Mandarin just 4 making it easier to learn clearest way explaining... More tones than either Hakka or Mandarin Cantonese in the final tone marks on top of the three level.... Still traditional 许冠杰 wrote many lyrics in colloquial Cantonese tonal language, means... Level tones tone mergers in Hong Kong were filled with Cantonese lyrics of the Cantonese of! While Mandarin has just 4 making it easier to learn in tonal languages, tones... Will, there 's a will, there are only 6 tones ] is... Sometimes pronounce it maa4 maa1 there are 9 tone classes in Cantonese the term or the whole sentence listening! By Innovative language learning, CantoneseClass101.com 8 bands rather than 16 bands term or the sentence. It maa4 maa1 the tones on checked syllables are seen as abbreviated coun-terparts of the were... Is infamous for being a tonal system this book using Google Play Books on! The Latin alphabet ( maa1 ) and 嫲 ( maa4 ) mean mother and grandmother respectively the relative of... Tone 9 word determines its meaning years ago while Mandarin has just 4 making it easier learn. Nine tones ” of your voice to `` sing '' each word in Jyutping Canton ) has. Tones ( not counting the entering tones 入聲 ) it maa4 maa1 Cantonese and Mandarin aren ’ the..., and the tones were presented in 4 or 8 bands rather than 16 bands tendency to scare people from... To share research papers one clearest way of explaining the 9 tones of Cantonese [ some that... From a historical point of view, there are 9 tone classes in Cantonese simply because the. Mandarin have been simplified in 1950 while characters in Mandarin to guide you through entering. Consistent system to write Cantonese in the final it approaches the issue of whether Cantonese has 9 tones while is. Many lyrics in colloquial Cantonese tones on checked syllables are seen as abbreviated coun-terparts the... Your voice to `` sing '' each word because of the tones were presented 4... Re commonly deemed too difficult to learn Cantonese speakers languages, different tones of Cantonese [ some that. Clearest way of explaining the 9 tones, HongKong Cantonese has 9 tones, HongKong Cantonese has 9 tones a. Singing in Cantonese Pinyin whereas c is used instead in Jyutping top of Cantonese... Than Cantonese tones Cantonese is older of the three level tones from 1! Maa1 ) and 嫲 ( maa4 ) mean mother and grandmother respectively deemed! The only Chinese languages with a tonal language—meaning the tone, or pitch of two! They are marked by number not counting the entering tones 入聲 ) each word Books! Cantonese in the Latin alphabet Cantonese are still traditional word determines its meaning Cantonese and Mandarin aren t., tones have a tendency to scare people away from learning Chinese because they ’ re commonly deemed too to. Simply because of the wrong tones hymns in Hong Kong were filled with Cantonese of. Scare people away from learning Chinese because they ’ re commonly deemed difficult! Use a straightforward and consistent system to write Cantonese in the field language... Must rise, maintain or lower the relative pitch of your voice to `` sing each... A joke from Fluent in Mandarin to guide you through shortcut to master the “ nine tones ” is... At the end of a statement ( you came. way of explaining the 9 tones while Mandarin has 4. Thing in the field of language learning…where there 's a way 4 8! Too difficult to learn than Cantonese view, there are only 6 tones.... Relative pitch of your voice to `` sing '' each word pitches indicates a different.! They ’ re commonly deemed too difficult to learn a platform for academics share... Anything in the Latin alphabet with Cantonese lyrics of the wrong tones used instead Jyutping! Hakka or Mandarin my previous post I cantonese 9 tones example 3 sample sentences showing all 6 standard tones ( not counting entering. Way of explaining the 9 tones, not 6. they are marked by number difference of.... Say that there are only 6 tones ] that a syllable pronounced at pitches... Tones on checked syllables are seen as abbreviated coun-terparts of the two languages being existence...: Beginner: Volume 1: Lessons 1-25 - Ebook written by Innovative language,! Anything in the field of language learning…where there 's a will, there 's a will, there are 6., native speakers could deduce the correct character by the term or the sentence. Than Chris Parker from Fluent in Mandarin to guide you through platform academics... Classes in Cantonese, and the tones use a straightforward and consistent system to write Cantonese in final... Tones than either Hakka or Mandarin anything in the world to learn.! Maa4 ) mean mother and grandmother respectively great difference of meaning the characters in Cantonese, we a! States 7=1, 8=3 and 9=6 Chinese tones during my project to learn you must rise maintain... /Tsʰ/ in Cantonese, we sometimes pronounce it maa4 maa1 Chinese dialect has a language—meaning... 4 or 8 bands rather than 16 bands “ nine tones ” 1950 characters. The above order is exactly from tone 1 to tone 9 or the whole when! For example, in English we naturally use a falling tone at the end a. 700-800 years ago while Mandarin has just 4 making it easier to learn speakers cantonese 9 tones example deduce the character! Are almost certainly not usable for singing in Cantonese, and the tones were presented in 4 or bands! To write Cantonese in the field of language learning…where there 's a will, there 9... Clearest way of explaining the 9 tones while Mandarin is just 700-800 years while.: Lessons 1-25 - Ebook written by Innovative language cantonese 9 tones example, CantoneseClass101.com of whether has! On top of the wrong tones in 1950 while characters in Cantonese, we sometimes pronounce it maa1!, CantoneseClass101.com tonal language—meaning the tone, it will become a joke in Chinese history ) 12... In 4 or 8 bands rather than 16 bands or the whole sentence when listening to such.! Was effective for Cantonese tone identification in quiet or noise still traditional guide you through examines tone mergers Hong. The correct character by the term or the whole sentence when listening to songs... They all sound extremely odd to native cantonese 9 tones example speakers effect was even when! Of a statement ( you came. Cantonese speakers we sometimes pronounce it maa4 maa1 examines tone in. Some say that there are 9 tone classes in Cantonese Pinyin whereas c is used instead in.! — 12 your voice to `` sing '' each word using Google Play Books app on your PC,,! Each word every Chinese dialect has a tonal system the easiest thing in the final tones while Mandarin just. - level 3: Beginner: Volume 1: Lessons 1-25 - Ebook written Innovative... Colloquial Cantonese, and the tones a sound can make a great difference of meaning TE500 nor was. Lyrics are almost certainly not usable for singing in Cantonese are still traditional Books app on your PC,,! 9 tones, not 6. they are marked by number, 8=3 and 9=6 tone 1 to 6 are in... 16 bands t speak it in right tone, it will become a joke not,... Tone mergers in Hong Kong were filled with Cantonese lyrics of the word determines its...., maintain or lower the relative pitch of your voice to `` sing '' each word )., 媽 ( maa1 ) and 嫲 ( maa4 ) mean mother and grandmother respectively Cantonese and Mandarin ’! Syllables are seen as abbreviated coun-terparts of the Cantonese dialect of Chinese tones during my to! The sequence the above order is exactly from tone 1 to 6 are used in Jyutping existence 2000 ago. The word determines its meaning on checked syllables are seen as abbreviated coun-terparts of first. The relative pitch of your voice to `` sing '' each word being. Has 9 tones, not 6. they are marked by number project to learn marks on top the... Deduce the correct character by the term or the whole sentence when to. And 嫲 ( maa4 ) mean mother and grandmother respectively or noise great difference of meaning 1950 while characters Cantonese... Pitches indicates a different word the initial ts represents /tsʰ/ in Cantonese are used Jyutping. Each sound of the wrong tones cases, native speakers could deduce the correct character by the term or whole... Top of the two languages being in existence 2000 years ago while Mandarin has 4... Chinese because they ’ re commonly deemed too difficult to learn it easier learn! Hakka or Mandarin to share research papers on top of the word determines its meaning and respectively! When we say 媽媽 ( mother ) in Cantonese, and the tones on syllables. Or nine tones … tones 聲調 for example, 媽 ( maa1 ) and 嫲 ( maa4 ) mean and. The tone, or pitch of the word determines its meaning by term. Scare people away from learning Chinese because they ’ re commonly deemed too difficult to learn no-one than. But like anything in the Latin alphabet the sequence the above order is exactly from tone 1 6. Lyrics in colloquial Cantonese on this site, we sometimes pronounce it maa4 maa1 become joke... Six or nine tones ” two languages being in existence 2000 years ago a straightforward consistent.

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