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Test Bank for Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 3rd Edition By Jacinta M. Gau, ISBN: 9781506391786, ISBN: 9781544332741

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Test Bank for Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 3rd Edition Gau

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Test Bank for Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 3rd Edition Gau

Test Bank for Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 3rd Edition By Jacinta M. Gau, ISBN: 9781506391786, ISBN: 9781544332741

ISBN: 150639177X, ISBN: 9781506391779
ISBN: 1506391788, ISBN: 9781506391786

Table Of Content

Preface to the Third Edition
Acknowledgments
About the Author
PART I DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
Chapter 1 Introduction to the Use of Statistics in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Science: Basic Terms and Concepts

Types of Scientific Research in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Software Packages for Statistical Analysis

Organization of the Book

Review Problems

Chapter 2 Types of Variables and Levels of Measurement

Units of Analysis

Independent Variables and Dependent Variables

Relationships Between Variables: A Cautionary Note

Levels of Measurement

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 3 Organizing, Displaying, and Presenting Data

Data Distributions

Graphs and Charts

Grouped Data

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 4 Measures of Central Tendency

The Mode

The Median

The Mean

Using the Mean and Median to Determine Distribution Shape

Deviation Scores and the Mean as the Midpoint of the Magnitudes

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 5 Measures of Dispersion

The Variation Ratio

The Range

The Variance

The Standard Deviation

The Standard Deviation and the Normal Curve

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

PART II PROBABILITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS
Chapter 6 Probability

Discrete Probability: The Binomial Probability Distribution

Continuous Probability: The Standard Normal Curve

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 7 Population, Sample, and Sampling Distributions

Empirical Distributions: Population and Sample Distributions

Theoretical Distributions: Sampling Distributions

Sample Size and the Sampling Distribution: The z and t Distributions

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 8 Point Estimates and Confidence Intervals

The Level of Confidence: The Probability of Being Correct

Confidence Intervals for Means With Large Samples

Confidence Intervals for Means With Small Samples

Confidence Intervals With Proportions and Percentages

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

PART III HYPOTHESIS TESTING
Chapter 9 Hypothesis Testing: A Conceptual Introduction

Sample Statistics and Population Parameters: Sampling Error or True Difference?

Null and Alternative Hypotheses

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 10 Hypothesis Testing With Two Categorical Variables: Chi-Square

Conceptual Basis of the Chi-Square Test: Statistical Dependence and Independence

The Chi-Square Test of Independence

Measures of Association

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 11 Hypothesis Testing With Two Population Means or Proportions

Two-Population Tests for Differences Between Means: t Tests

Two-Population Tests for Differences Between Proportions

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 12 Hypothesis Testing With Three or More Population Means: Analysis of Variance

ANOVA: Different Types of Variances

When the Null Is Rejected: A Measure of Association and Post Hoc Tests

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 13 Hypothesis Testing With Two Continuous Variables: Correlation

Beyond Statistical Significance: Sign, Magnitude, and Coefficient of Determination

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Chapter 14 Introduction to Regression Analysis

One Independent Variable and One Dependent Variable: Bivariate Regression

Adding More Independent Variables: Multiple Regression

Ordinary Least Squares Regression in SPSS

Alternatives to Ordinary Least Squares Regression

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Appendix A Review of Basic Mathematical Techniques
Appendix B Standard Normal (z) Distribution
Appendix C t Distribution
Appendix D Chi-Square (c²) Distribution
Appendix E F Distribution
Glossary
Answers to Learning Checks
Answers to Review Problems
References
Index