## Description

**Test Bank for Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 3rd Edition Gau**

**Test Bank for Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 3rd Edition By Jacinta M. Gau, ISBN: 9781506391786, ISBN: 9781544332741**

**Table Of Content**

Science: Basic Terms and Concepts

Types of Scientific Research in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Software Packages for Statistical Analysis

Organization of the Book

Review Problems

Units of Analysis

Independent Variables and Dependent Variables

Relationships Between Variables: A Cautionary Note

Levels of Measurement

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Data Distributions

Graphs and Charts

Grouped Data

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

The Mode

The Median

The Mean

Using the Mean and Median to Determine Distribution Shape

Deviation Scores and the Mean as the Midpoint of the Magnitudes

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

The Variation Ratio

The Range

The Variance

The Standard Deviation

The Standard Deviation and the Normal Curve

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Discrete Probability: The Binomial Probability Distribution

Continuous Probability: The Standard Normal Curve

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Empirical Distributions: Population and Sample Distributions

Theoretical Distributions: Sampling Distributions

Sample Size and the Sampling Distribution: The z and t Distributions

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

The Level of Confidence: The Probability of Being Correct

Confidence Intervals for Means With Large Samples

Confidence Intervals for Means With Small Samples

Confidence Intervals With Proportions and Percentages

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Sample Statistics and Population Parameters: Sampling Error or True Difference?

Null and Alternative Hypotheses

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Conceptual Basis of the Chi-Square Test: Statistical Dependence and Independence

The Chi-Square Test of Independence

Measures of Association

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Two-Population Tests for Differences Between Means: t Tests

Two-Population Tests for Differences Between Proportions

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

ANOVA: Different Types of Variances

When the Null Is Rejected: A Measure of Association and Post Hoc Tests

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

Beyond Statistical Significance: Sign, Magnitude, and Coefficient of Determination

SPSS

Chapter Summary

Review Problems

One Independent Variable and One Dependent Variable: Bivariate Regression

Adding More Independent Variables: Multiple Regression

Ordinary Least Squares Regression in SPSS

Alternatives to Ordinary Least Squares Regression

Chapter Summary

Review Problems